1.5.6.4 Young Poland (1890-1918)

Forward to 1.5.6.5 Germany Die Brücke (1905-1913)
Back to 1.5.6.3 Russia Mir iskusstva (1898-1904)

QUICK LINKS:
The Florists, Boznańska
Melancholia, Malczewski
Self portrait folded hand, Boznańska
Konstantin Laszczka, Wyczółkowski

Mediations, Ash Wednesday, Wojtkiewicz
Sun in May, Mehoffer
Composition, Witkiewicz

Young Poland was a modernist period in Polish visual arts, literature and music, covering roughly the years between 1890 and 1918.

It was a result of strong aesthetic opposition to the earlier ideas of Positivism that followed the suppression of the 1863 January Uprising in the Russian Partition against the occupying Imperial Russian Army.

Young Poland promoted trends of decadence, neo-romanticism, symbolism, impressionism and art nouveau.

[Source: Wikimedia commons]

[1564-10]

Olga Boznańska is one of the most unique and appreciated Polish artists in the world. Her works represent Polish art in many exhibitions in Poland and abroad.

This is how Olga Boznańska spoke about her works: My paintings look great because they are the truth, they are fair, yours, there is no narrow-mindness, no mannerism and no bluff.
[Source: mnk.pl]

Image source: Wikimedia commons
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Florists, The1889Oil/CanvasPortrait
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Boznańska, Olga1865-1940, aged 75Polish painterYoung Poland
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): [1564-11]

National Museum, Warsaw Poland235 x 180  

Image source: Wikimedia commons
Melancholia by Jacek Malczewski is a fundamental work both in the artist’s oeuvre – considered to be his ‘manifesto’ – and in the Polish art of those times, which conveyed some traditions of European painting.

The painting is rich in signs, symbols and myths corresponding closely with national history, alongside the role of the artist in depicting such signs. As a work of multiple meanings, it is a constant object of reinterpretation by critics who are far from being unanimous about the meaning of particular figures, objects, and thus the whole scene, which takes place in a studio or perhaps only in the artist’s imagination.

Apart from the historiosophical motifs, there also appear autothematic ones, related to the process of creation, as well as the apparent vanitas themes. In spite of its numerous interpretations, the art critics agree that the painting has not yet been interpreted exhaustively.
[Source: culture.pl]
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Melancholia1890-4Oil/CanvasGenre Painting
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Malczewski, Jacek 1854-1929, aged 75Polish painterYoung Poland
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): [1564-12]

National Museum in Poznań Poland139 x 240  
Self-portrait with folded hands, is an Impressionist painting created by Olga Boznańska in 1893. It is on show at the National Museum, Warsaw in Poland.
[Source: arthistoryproject.com]

Image source: Wikimedia commons
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Self-portrait with folded hands1893Oil/CanvasPortrait
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Boznańska, Olga1865-1940, aged 75Polish painterYoung Poland
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): [1564-13]

National Museum, Warsaw Poland70 x 57  

Image source: Wikimedia commons
 Leon Jan Wyczółkowski was one of the leading painters of the Young Poland movement, as well as the principal representative of Polish Realism in art of the Interbellum.

From 1895 to 1911 he served as professor of the Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts (ASP) in Kraków, and from 1934, ASP in Warsaw. He was a founding member of the Society of Polish Artists ‘Sztuka’.
[Source: Wikimedia commons]
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Konstantin Laszczka, Portrait of 1901-2Pastel/CardboardPortrait
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Wyczółkowski, Leon 1852-1936, aged 84Polish painterYoung Poland
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): [1564-14]

Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków Poland0  

 

Witold Wojtkiewicz was a Polish painter, illustrator and printmaker. Although generally considered an Expressionist, some of his works are precursors of Surrealism. He occupied a special position among the Young Poland painters.

His paintings, typical of the decadent fin de siècle, were described by André Gide as the personal fusion of Naturalism, Impressionism and grotesque.

The artist created his own painting world, astonishingly expressionistic, as if from some somnambulistic vision. Here, sleepy dreams interweave with images from fairy tales, and the characters are crippled dolls, repulsive dummies, puppets or ugly and rude women in weird ceremonies. 

Medytacje [Meditations] is probably the last piece of work by the prematurely deceased artist (he died at the age of just 30).
[Source: muzea.malopolska.pl]

Image source: Wikimedia commons
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Mediations, Ash Wednesday1908Tempera/CanvasGenre Painting
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Wojtkiewicz, Witold 1879-1909, aged 29Polish painterYoung Poland
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): [1564-15]

National Museum Kraków Poland80 x 90  

Image source: Wikimedia commons
Mehoffer was a painter, graphic artist, printmaker, designer of stained glass, textiles, theatre sets, posters, interior decoration and furniture, leading representative of Young Poland.
[Source: culture.pl]
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Sun in May1911Oil/CanvasStill Life
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Mehoffer, Józef1869-1946, aged 77Polish painterYoung Poland
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): [1564-16]

National Museum, Warsaw Poland95 x 78  
Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz commonly known as Witkacy, was a Polish writer, painter, philosopher, theorist, playwright, novelist, and photographer active before World War I and during the interwar period.
[Source: Wikimedia commons]

Image source: Wikimedia commons
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Composition1922Oil/Tempera/LinenAbstract
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Witkiewicz, Stanisław Ignacy1885-1939, aged 54Polish painterYoung Poland
LOCATION:SIZE (cms):  
National Museum Kraków Poland91 x 115  

Forward to 1.5.6.5 Germany Die Brücke (1905-1913)
Back to 1.5.6.3 Russia Mir iskusstva (1898-1904)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.