1.4.5 Hague School (1870-1900)

Forward to 1.4.6 American Barbizon school (1850-1890s)
Back to 1.4.4 Peredvizhniki and Abramtsevo Colony (1870 – 1890)
Forward to 1.5 Modern Art (1860-WWI)

QUICK LINKS:
Cows in a Puddle, Bilders
Trekvliet Shipping Canal, Weissenbruch
Children of the Sea, Israëls
Morning Ride on the Beach, Mauve
Village near Schiedam, Maris
Forest View Near Barbizon, Weissenbruch

List of other leading Hague School artists

The Hague School is a group of artists who lived and worked in The Hague between 1860 and 1890. Their work was heavily influenced by the realist painters of the French Barbizon school. The painters of the Hague school generally made use of relatively somber colors, which is why the Hague School is sometimes called the Gray School.

[Source: Wikimedia commons]

1450-10

Gerard Bilders on visiting the national Exhibition in Brussels in 1860, found what he had been looking for: a colored gray tonality, or as he put it ‘the impression of a warm, fragrant gray.’

The muted tones and warm gray that Bilders found here was certainly discussed with his friends in Oosterbeek and found its way into the work of the young Hague School painters.
[Source: Wikimedia commons]

Image source: Wikimedia commons
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Cows in a Puddle1860-65Oil/PanelLandscape
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Bilders, Gerard1838-1865, aged 27Dutch painterHague School
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): 1450-11

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands41 x 31  

Image source: Wikimedia commons
This painting aka the ‘View near the Geest Bridge’ is a tranquil landscape executed in bright colours: this early painting by Weissenbruch is still very Romantic in feel.

Yet unlike the Romantic painters, Weissenbruch did not alter reality to suit his imagination, but gave a topographically accurate representation.

The Trekvliet Canal linked The Hague with the neighbouring villages of Rijswijk and Voorburg. In the distance on the left is the tower of De Binckhorst Castle, and the windmill called the Laakmolen to the right. 
[Source: rijksmuseum.nl]
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
The Trekvliet Shipping Canal at Rijswijk1868Oil/PanelLandscape
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Weissenbruch, Jan Hendrik1824-1903, aged 78Dutch painterHague School
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): 1450-12

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands31 x 50  
This charming scene contains a message. The children of a fisherman, with their tattered rags and paltry toys, offer us a glimpse of their future.

The eldest boy carries the weight of the family on his shoulders, and the little boat stands for the rigours of life at sea. Jozef Israëls first painted this subject in 1863. It became enormously popular and the artist subsequently repeated it often.
[Source: rijksmuseum.nl]

Image source: artsandculture.google.com
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Children of the Sea1872Oil/CanvasLandscape
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Israëls, Jozef1824-1911, aged 87Dutch painterHague School
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): 1450-13

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands49 x 94  

Image source: Wikimedia commons
 Hague School painters were drawn to the harsh existence of poor fishermen, like those living in nearby Scheveningen. Here, however, Mauve depicted the other side of that fishing village: the sunny world of the well-to-do bourgeoisie. Three riders descend to the beach, where the bathing cabins stand ready for swimmers. The blond and blue colour scheme effectively conveys the briny atmosphere of a summer day along the seashore.
[Source: rijksmuseum.nl]
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Morning Ride on the Beach1876Oil/CanvasLandscape
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Mauve, Anton1838-1888, aged 49Dutch painterHague School
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): 1450-14

 

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands44 x 69  
Jacob Hendricus Maris was a Dutch painter, who with his brothers Willem and Matthijs belonged to the Hague School of painters.

He was considered to be the most important and influential Dutch landscape painter of the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Jacob Maris’s most known works are the series of portraits of the royal House of Orange, he worked on these with his brother Matthijs Maris. He is also known for his landscapes.
[Source: Wikimedia commons]

Image source: Wikimedia commons
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Village near Schiedam1899Oil/CanvasLandscape
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Maris, Jacob Hendricus1837-1899, aged 62Dutch painterHague School
LOCATION:SIZE (cms): 1450-15

Dordrechts Museum, Netherlands49 x 79  

Image source: Wikimedia commons
The Barbizon artists’ colony was located on the edge of the forest of Fontainebleau, southeast of Paris. Barbizon painters exerted a major influence on the Hague School. For this reason, Weissenbruch made a pilgrimage there for his only trip abroad, which he made at the ripe age of 76! He portrayed the characteristic birch forest, with a painter leaning against a boulder while sketching.
[Source: rijksmuseum.nl]
TITLE:YEAR:FORM:GENRE:
Forest View Near Barbizon1900Oil/CanvasLandscape
ARTIST:DATES:ORIGIN:MOVEMENT:
Weissenbruch, Jan Hendrik1824-1903, aged 78Dutch painterHague School
LOCATION:SIZE (cms):   1450-16

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands49 x 54  

Major Hague School artists:

Artz, David Adolph Constant 1837–1890
Bilders, Gerard 1838–1865
Bosboom, Johannes 1817–1891
De Haas, Johannes Hubertus Leonardus 1832–1908
Gabriël, Paul Joseph Constantin 1828–1903
Israëls, Jozef 1824–1911
Maris, Jacob 1837–1899
Maris, Matthijs 1839–1917
Maris, Willem 1844–1910
Mauve, Anton 1838–1888
Mesdag, Hendrik Willem 1831–1915
Mesdag, Taco 1822–1902
Mesdag-van Houten, Sina 1834–1909
Roelofs, Willem 1822–1897
Weissenbruch, Jan Hendrik 1824–1903

Forward to 1.4.6 American Barbizon school (1850-1890s)
Back to 1.4.4 Peredvizhniki and Abramtsevo Colony (1870 – 1890)
Forward to 1.5 Modern Art (1860-WWI)

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