There is no generally accepted and comprehensive definition of Art. It is most often explained as the expression of human creative skill and imagination, usually through paintings, sculpture and architecture . In principle art’s intention is to provide beauty and inspire the emotions through the artist’s imagination and technical skills. The observer then applies their very subjective aesthetic judgement to evaluate the work. But of course many artworks are commissioned and therefore adds further agency.
In establishing the categories we have first considered the material chronologically and provided headings that are clearly Western descriptors. Don’t be deflected by these, because in selecting the material we have looked beyond the West for works from other global regions and genres.