1.9.4.8 Sculpture digest

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Watch this brilliant Philip Scott Johnson© video featuring many
of the major pieces of classical sculpture here

Sculpture is three-dimensional art made by one of four basic processes: carving, modelling, casting, constructing.

Carving shapes a form by cutting or scraping away from a solid material such as stone, wood, ivory or bone.

Casting creates a mould and then a liquid material is poured into it – molten metal, plastic, rubber or fibreglass. Often the artist models form in clay, wax or plaster and the mould is made from this. Of course a mould can be cast more than onceto produce editions of the artwork.

Modelling is an additive process, a soft material is worked by the artist to build up a shape or form. The soft materials, clay and wax can be changed and reworked. Modelling a maquette is often the first step in the creation of a finished sculpture.

Constructing began in the 20th century, fabricated from gluing materials together. Constructed sculpture in various forms became a major stream in modern art. Artists have used techniques including bending, folding, stitching, welding, bolting, tying, weaving, and balancing to construct sculptures from a wide variety of materials.

QUICK LINKS:
38,000 BCE – 510 BCE
500 BCE – 9 BCE
0 – 1545
1550-1799

1800-1919
1920-1989
1990-
[38000]

Sculpture 38,000 BCE – 510 BCE
Selected pre-historic sculptures, Ubaidians, Egypt Early Dynastic,
Egypt New Kingdom and Archaic Period
Note: the image sources are accredited at the linked page


Lion Man

Lovers

Ubaidian Lizardmen

Thinker

Seated Scribe

Nefertiti bust

Assyrian Winged Bulls

Kleobis and Biton

Dying Warrior

[500]

Sculpture 500 BCE – 9 BCE
Archaic Period, Classical Greece, Roman Republic

and Hellenistic Greece,
Note: the image sources are accredited at the linked page


Kritios Boy

Discobolus

Charioteer

Marathon Youth

Capotiline Brutus

Victory Samothrace

Venus de Milo

Borghese Gladiator
Laocoon and sons

[0]

Sculpture Year 0 – 1545
Roman Empire, Roman Republic, India Classical, Early Renaissance, High Renaissance and Mannerism
Note: the image sources are accredited at the linked page


Apollo Belvedere

Capitoline Wolf

Lord of the Dance

Gates of Paradise
Donatello’s David
Pietà
David
Slave

Perseus Medusa

[1550]

Sculpture 1550 – 1799
Mannerism, Baroque and Rococo
Note: the image sources are accredited at the linked page


Samson Philistine

Sabine women

Apollo Victorious

Mercury Psyche

Hercules Centaur

Apollo Daphne

Ecstasy St Teresa

Louis XIV

Mercury wings

[1800]

Sculpture 1800 – 1919
Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood,

Impressionism and Art Deco
Note: the image sources are accredited at the linked page


Venus Victrix
Ugolino and Sons
Despair

Lord Palmerston

Walking Man

Dancer aged fourteen

The Thinker

Burghers of Calais

The Kiss

[1920]

Sculpture 1920 – 1989
Art Deco, Sculpture Art, Dada and Installation Art
Note: the image sources are accredited at the linked page


Victoire

Reclining Figure

Torso

La Spirale

One Three Chairs
Chicago Picasso

Crinkly disc rouge

Carmen

Woman and Bird

[1990]

Sculpture 1990 –
Young British Artists, Sculpture Art, Photo-Realism and Pop Art.
Note: the image sources are accredited at the linked page


Death in the Mind

United Enemies

Odd Couple

Angel of the North

Maman

Floralis Genérica

Iron Man

Virgin Mother

Awilda and Irma

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